Abstract sri lankan women who are employed in export processing zones (epzs) work in a range of factories a crosssection of female epz workers (n = 2304) representing 6 epzs were surveyed as part of this study, with the majority in the textile and garment industry. Women workers in villa altagracia export processing zone, dominican republic the dominican republic is the leading garment manufacturer of the caribbean and has rapidly altered its economy since the 1960s, shifting from an agricultural economy to an economy dependent on tourism and export manufacturing in altagracia, where this. Often relating closely to general concerns about globalization and labor is the practice of granting certain kinds of tax and other regulatory exemptions to international investors through export processing zones (epzs. Women workers are said to constitute 80% of the workforce in epzs [export processing zones] it is no coincidence that this feminisation of work is about cost cutting, and women have been made a key component of a super exploitative system they bear a disproportionate burden, are less valued, and are accorded little more. Also, labor laws protecting workers, such as the right to organize and bargain collectively, are subject to numerous exceptions in the export processing zones (epzs) children under the age of 16 years are prohibited from working in the industrial sector, and the government has put forward concerted efforts to ensure this regulation.
Women workers face super-exploitation by global corporations by barry mason 25 february 2004 an export processing zones (epzs) have mushroomed these epzs set up on industrial parks offer tax holidays and other incentives to investment their numbers have exploded over the last three decades, from 80 in 25 countries to 3,000. This tradition continues today in export processing zones (epzs) throughout asia, latin america and sub-saharan africa, where women comprise between 70-90% of the labor force they produce not only garments, but agricultural products, electronics, and many of the household goods we purchase today women’s rights are routinely denied in. Abstract: this paper discusses export processing zone (epz) as the site of convergence of information technology, women’s work and the global capital it further discusses why woman/female labour is profitable to industries inside the zone, and her labour is an articulation of many factors that include gender international division of.
They are industrial zones with incentives (usually a relaxing of labor and environmental laws and tax breaks) to attract foreign investors 75% of women are workers within this zone women's work in epz's is part of global supply chains because women in developing nations came to be viewed as sources of cheap labor that would lower the. For further information or feedback on the export processing zones please contact: auret van heerden labour law and labour relations branch. Journal of international women’s studies vol 10 #4 may 2009 111 effect of work intensification and work extensification on women’s health in.
Export processing zones or exploiting people zones we give the low-down “an 80-hour week for 5p an hour” screamed the headlines of the guardian in december 2006, following a war-on-want report on the conditions for clothing factory workers in bangladesh. Title women, work and empowerment: a portrait of women workers in two of sri lanka's export processing zones. The mobile learning toolkit ‘mobile’ in the ‘mobile learning toolkit’ goes beyond the use of ‘mobile’ phones, and explores fundamentally how we can make learning accessible ‘anytime’ and ‘anywhere’ beyond the physical borders of a training room. Research documents about working conditions in the garment and sporting goods industry in india the fire that killed 42 a fact finding report of the accident in a footwear manufacturing unit in agra.
The cases of export oriented units (eous) and export processing zones (epzs) are then taken up in the third section, with specific attention to what such employment has meant for job, material and social security. Nations around the world praise globalization as beneficial for today’s global capital however, the economic policies of neo-liberalism, such as free trade and deregulation, have led to the exploitation of women factory workers, by disregarding not only their labor rights but also human rights in export processing zones the neoliberal policies. Employment and multinationals in asian export processing zones by: maex, rudy published: (1983) a health guide for workers in export processing zones published: (2003) we in the zone : women workers in asia's export processing zones. Organise solidarity campaigns which will support: a women political prisoners b opposition to continuing prostitution tourism c women discriminated against by racism d action to reduce the plight of women workers in mncs and export processing zones. Nurseries and kindergartens have increased particularly near the export processing zones these child care facilities are necessary for women to put their young children while they themselves work, officials at the zones stated according to the head of the nurseries section of the social development ministry, the extended family is in.
Ins tute for research on labor and employment research & policy brief using a popular educa on approach, priori zing women workers’ concerns, and. Women who flock to these production zones are mercilessly exploited with long hours of temporary and home-based employment and hazardous and unhealthy working conditions the fate of hundreds of women workers reportedly burned in a japanese-singaporean owned factory in an export processing zone in the philippines, the. Officially, everything is fine in the export processing zones (epzs) in mauritius but, in reality, many foreign workers suffer dismal working conditions those who organise to improve their lot do so. The majority of workers in the export processing zones (epzs) are women, employed in industries such as ready-made garments, electronics and software in the santacruz electronics export processing zone (seepz) near bombay, 90 per cent of the workers are women who are generally young and too frightened to form unions working.
A new ituc study on core labour standards in el salvador reports that many of the 67,000 mostly women workers employed in the country’s 15 export processing zones suffer from appalling treatment ranging from verbal abuse and threats to physical abuse and sexual harassment there is a clear anti-trade union policy and dismissal of. Women factory workers in honduras honduras is the third largest exporter of clothes and textiles to the us market, employing approximately 110,000 workers, 53% of whom are young women from deprived backgrounds with little education many of the clothing factories are found in honduras' 24 export processing zones (epzs), industrial.
Abstract women workers in export processing zones (epzs) in sri lanka are often exposed to harsh working conditions and a range of negative social experiences due to their perceived low social status. In mexico, a maquiladora (spanish pronunciation: [makilaˈðoɾa]) or maquila (ipa: ) is a manufacturing operation, where factories import certain material and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly, processing, or manufacturing and then export the assembled, processed or manufactured products, sometimes back to the raw. Naomi klein's no logo and other research carried out by anti-capitalists have exposed the working conditions faced by women (and men) across the world, but particularly in the notorious export processing zones (epzs) of the more recently developed or developing countries (also referred to as free trade zones and special economic zones.